Olivier Douliery/Getty Images(WASHINGTON) -- The Pentagon is calling on Turkey and its Syrian rebel allies to stop fighting America’s Syrian Kurdish allies in northern Syrian because it is taking attention away from the fight against ISIS.
The United States has called on Turkey to “stay focused on the fight against ISIL and not to engage Syrian defense forces,” Defense Secretary Ash Carter said at a Pentagon news conference Monday, using an alternate name for ISIS.
He said there had been various senior-level contacts in recent days with Turkey to make that point and that he would do the same in a meeting with his Turkish counterpart next week.
Last week’s Turkish offensive that captured the ISIS-held border town of Jarabulus has resulted in a chaotic situation where various Syrian and Kurdish rebel groups supported and trained by the United States have clashed in battle because of pre-existing animosities.
The Turkish force that retook Jarabulus also includes a Syrian rebel force previously trained by the Pentagon to fight ISIS. They have pushed south of Jarabulus to take on Kurdish fighters aligned with the Syrian Democratic Forces who have pushed north from the recently captured city of Manbij.
“We call on both sides to not fight with one another to continue to focus the fight on ISIL that’s the basis of our cooperation with both of them,” Carter said.
The push south of Jarabulus by Turkey and its rebel allies seems intended to prevent Kurdish fighters from the Syrian Democratic Forces from pushing northward and creating a Kurdish buffer zone along the border with Turkey.
In its fight against ISIS, the United States has had to walk the fine line of training, advising and assisting the Syrian Democratic Forces, which has become its strongest partner in the fight against ISIS in eastern and northern Syria, while giving strong concern to Turkish concerns about the group.
A large number of the Syrian Democratic Forces come from what is known as the YPG, an acronym for Self Protection Units in Kurdish, a group that Turkey says is aligned with the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) that conducts terrorist attacks inside Turkey.
An earlier statement Monday from Peter Cook, Pentagon press secretary, called the fighting south of Jarabulus “unacceptable” and labeled them “a source of deep concern.”
“This is an already crowded battle space,” Cook said. “Accordingly, we are calling on all armed actors to stand down immediately and take appropriate measures to de-conflict.”
Carter said one of the things the United States is talking to Turkey about is clarifying where different elements of the SDF are in the area, particularly those belonging to the YPG.
“We do understand that they have historical differences with one another, but American interests are quite clear we, like they, want to combat ISIL,” Carter said. “We’re calling on all involved, let’s keep our priorities clear in helping them to de-conflict, so to speak on the battlefield.”
Carter called on the Turks to keep prior commitments that they would not engage the Syrian Democratic Forces and remain only north and west of Jarabulus. He called on the Syrian Kurds to keep their commitment that they would move east back across the Euphrates once the Manbij operation is fully over.
The Kurds are moving across the Euphrates, according to Carter.
“They are doing that, yes,” he said. “But that’s the understanding we have with them and we want to make sure that they continue that commitment.”
Mueller Family(NEW YORK) -- Even after a failed U.S. Special Forces hostage rescue mission in Syria, the launch of hundreds of coalition airstrikes and the subsequent video beheadings of three hostages, ISIS offered hope to Carl and Marsha Mueller that made them believe paying a ransom could still bring their captive daughter Kayla home, emails from the family's negotiations show.
But a former senior FBI agent told ABC News that U.S. government negotiators missed the likely final opportunity to free the last American in captivity for ransom almost two years ago, which ISIS said was "still a possibility" in its last email to her parents before her death.
"I think the Muellers have a right to be upset," said retired FBI chief hostage negotiator Chris Voss, who reviewed 27 emails exchanged between ISIS and Kayla Mueller's parents for ABC News' "20/20."
Numerous Obama administration officials were perceived by some families, including the Muellers, as threatening them with prosecution for "material support to terrorism" if they paid ISIS a ransom, so none attempted to. All of the other American hostages were eventually killed by ISIS. The U.S. confirmed Mueller's death in ISIS hands in 2015. ISIS claimed that she died in a Jordanian airstrike, but the exact cause remains a mystery.
"I think they put a lot of faith in the United States government helping them, and there were some people from the government that tried very hard to help them and did their absolute best. And there were some that just didn't know any better, didn't know what they were doing, and so instead of moving the ball forward, they threatened them," Voss said in an interview.
On Sept. 19, 2014, ISIS sent the Muellers an email which reassured them their daughter had not been executed on her 26th birthday, Aug. 14, as the hostage-takers had threatened would happen after a 30-day countdown to pay.
"Kayla's safe release Is [sic] still a possibility considering our demands are met!" ISIS told the Muellers. "These demands are very straight forward and could have easily been achievable a long time ago had it not been for the stubbornness of your government!"
But U.S. airstrikes against ISIS targets, which had begun Aug. 8, 2014, in northern Iraq, expanded dramatically on Sept. 22 in a blitz across Syria. The hostage-takers never replied to the Muellers' emailed pleas again until she was publicly reported dead by her captors the following year.
Asked last week why the U.S. expanded airstrikes in 2014 with almost a dozen western hostages still in the hands of ISIS, a senior administration official told ABC News, "The U.S. didn’t have any great choices here. No matter what we did, there would be a price to pay.”
The final message from ISIS to the hostage's family was among the nine emails the Muellers received from the terrorists -- more than any other hostage's family -- and which they provided to ABC News. The Muellers' 18 emails were primarily written by FBI hostage negotiators. A selection of the emails is posted here.
The Muellers told ABC News that their FBI hostage negotiation team promised to help them make a genuine ransom offer for their daughter's life with messages sent from the family email account used to communicate with the hostage-takers, in Carl Mueller's name. But the emails sent to ISIS obtained by ABC News contain no offer in exchange for her release.
“Carl would say we need to make an offer, and then the [FBI-authored] email would not have anything about an offer in it,” Marsha Mueller told ABC News.
“We were like sheep. We were following what the government told us to do. We had no idea,” Kayla’s father Carl Mueller said in the couple's interview for ABC News' "20/20” segment, “The Girl Left Behind.”
Some counterterrorism officials have told ABC News that the FBI has quietly helped American families negotiate and facilitate the payment of ransom to other terrorist groups since 9/11 in order to recover loved ones held hostage.
Not making a ransom offer to ISIS -- which would have been, in fact, legally allowable under a Bush-era presidential directive -- was the biggest missed opportunity to free Kayla, said Voss, the retired FBI agent.
“There is an exception. And it's when you have the possibility, a reasonable outcome of retrieving the ransom. And of bringing the terrorists to justice. And it's been done in the past,” Voss said. “As far as I know they [Kayla's parents] were never allowed to... They were told if they made any sort of an offer they’d be prosecuted, which is unconscionable.”
Citing classification and privacy concerns, FBI and Hostage Recovery Fusion Cell officials declined to comment about the Kayla Mueller hostage negotiation or about the White House order containing the legal exception which allowed payments as part of a lure with a reasonable chance of denying the hostage-takers the benefits of ransom, National Security Presidential Directive-12.
But a former senior White House official involved in the hostage crisis in 2014 told ABC News there was no way to justify paying ransom to a group like ISIS operating in lawless Syria, where money could not easily be traced.
"The National Security Council and FBI, Department of Justice and Department of Defense carefully considered options to capture the hostage-takers in conjunction with an exchange but none of the options were judged viable," retired Army Col. Mark Mitchell told ABC News last week.
A Green Beret who earned the nation's second-highest award for valor, the Distinguished Service Cross, in Afghanistan, Mitchell has acknowledged publicly that as counterterrorism director in the Obama NSC, hostages' family members such as journalist James Foley's parents have accused him of threatening that anyone who paid ransom would land in a federal prison.
Mitchell denied doing anything more than stating U.S. law to the families but his past comments in those White House meetings have been privately disavowed as inappropriate by some senior administration officials since 2014. The Muellers say Mitchell was one of many Obama administration officials who warned that their donors could be prosecuted and they do not fault him for their inability to raise a ransom fund.
It was almost a year after Kayla was kidnapped on Aug. 4, 2013 before Carl and Marsha Mueller were even able to learn the identity of the hostage-takers as ISIS, much less start negotiating with them.
Though a 10-second proof-of-life video of Kayla by then-unknown hostage-takers was received by her family a few weeks after her abduction in Aleppo, Syria, after leaving a Doctors Without Borders hospital in a marked vehicle from the medical aid group, her parents weren’t able to begin negotiations for their daughter’s release until May 23, 2014. That was the date Doctors Without Borders turned over to Carl and Marsha Mueller an ISIS email address brought out of Syria seven weeks earlier by three of their aid workers who had been held hostage with the young American. ISIS had ordered the women to memorize the email address and to use it to negotiate for Kayla.
But ISIS reached out to the Muellers first -- only hours after the family received the contact information from Doctors Without Borders.
“This message is to inform you that we have the American citizen, Kayla Jean Mueller PRISONER. We don’t want to harm her. She’s like a guest with us at the moment,” the email read. The Muellers were told they could ask three questions only their daughter could answer, to prove she was still alive and in their custody, which ISIS quickly provided:
How did you get the stitches in your eyebrow as a child? Answer: Her older brother Eric was pulling her in a wagon and it tipped over and she fell on her head onto a small rock.
What did you teach your niece to say? Music is______? Answer: Music is Everywhere
What is your friend Moe’s real name? Answer: Her name is Monica and she is a kinder garden friend.
Kayla was still alive, her elated parents concluded.
The kidnappers demanded the release of convicted terrorist operative Aafia Siddiqui or 5 million euros. They said there should be “NO MEDIA EXPOSURE WHAT SO EVER!” Anything less and they’d put a bullet in Kayla’s head, they wrote.
But Voss says the FBI negotiators missed an important opportunity to make Kayla safer from the start, by failing to exploit the cultural importance of guests in Muslim countries.
“This is something huge that they missed, because they should have responded with, ‘No, she's not like a guest. She is a guest and she is your responsibility as a guest',” he said.
The kidnappers also sent an audio of her voice.
”Mom and Dad, I still am remaining healthy. You should have already received the three answers to the proof life questions you provided,” Kayla said, still sounding strong.
The negotiation drama for Kayla played out over the next four months, from May to September 2014, amid an astounding chain of events with potential impact on all the western captives, who included nine journalists and aid workers.
Mosul fell in June and ISIS declared an Islamic caliphate, Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl was freed in a Qatar-arranged swap for five Taliban detainees, a Special Forces operation in July to free the western hostages came up empty near Raqqa, Syria, the U.S. began bombing ISIS across Syria and Iraq, and beginning Aug. 19 James Foley, Steven Sotloff and a British hostage were beheaded on video by an English-speaking executioner in retaliation for ISIS being bombed by coalition warplanes.
Throughout this turmoil, however, the Muellers received nine emails from ISIS and in reply they sent 18 email pleas for their daughter’s life composed mostly by a team of FBI hostage negotiators with access to the family’s email account. No other American hostage’s family is known to have received so many emails from ISIS.
But the FBI repeatedly failed to leverage the discussion in a way to get Kayla home, said Voss, who is respected by many government insiders for his success as a senior agent formerly in charge of operations such as hostage recovery for the FBI in Iraq.
“I know that there are some very talented hostage negotiators in the FBI that knew what they were doing. I see no evidence of their voices in these emails,” he said.
The communications quickly deteriorated as the FBI wrote lengthy email after email begging for time to raise a ransom and with the father complaining about money troubles that only seemed to increasingly anger the hostage-takers, who Voss said had little time for page-long family pleas to spare Kayla.
“Kayla may not know that I retired this January,” an FBI-composed email from Carl Mueller explained on June 2, adding that after selling their auto repair shop the family had “limited resources.” ISIS told him to go back to work to earn money for the ransom demand.
“From this point on you will only speak about the objectives, SO NO MORE SENTIMENTAL SOB STORIES!” the hostage-takers responded.
The correct use of an American phrase suggested it was a western jihadi writing the messages, Voss said.
"'Sentimental sob stories' is a phrase that will only come from certain cultures," he said. "You begin to develop a cultural profile of who you're dealing with, because ultimately you want to track these guys down."
The FBI kept sending messages from the Muellers pleading for time. Carl Mueller began to suspect that the FBI was merely stalling with no intention of actually negotiating Kayla's release, and thereby angering ISIS.
In apparent frustration, ISIS sent an email that told her parents they wanted to know if the Muellers had “reached a SIGNIFICANT BENCHMARK with regards to the amount of CASH you have raised from the demanded sum.”
The FBI made no cash offer and instead had Mueller simply plead for more time and complain that the U.S. government wasn't helping.
“At one point I even said to the [FBI] team, I said if I got this email back I would be really mad,” Mueller told ABC News.
There were reasons for initially stalling including an unprecedented Joint Special Operations Command raid being planned for almost two months, held up for weeks before approval by the administration and by U.S. Central Command, current and former officials told ABC News. It culminated in an entire squadron from the Army's special mission unit Delta Force raiding a "desert pipeline prison" south of Raqqa over the weekend of July 4th.
But it was a "dry hole," a source said at the time -- the hostages had been relocated a few days earlier without overhead surveillance spotting the move.
"Yes, there was a period of deliberation I remember," a senior administration official told ABC News last week. "The intel wasn’t rock solid. It was compelling."
Assets had to be moved into the region, hundreds of operators were involved. A diversionary attack was launched nearby to draw fighters away from the prison site. It was also close to Damascus and the Assad forces had air defenses, the official recalled.
“We were working very hard to find the hostages. But after the July 4th raid, the trail ran cold," the senior official said.
On July 12, 2014, a week after the still-secret U.S. raid failed to rescue Kayla and the others, the hostage-takers’ tone grew suddenly more hostile in an email giving the Muellers 30 days to pay up.
"If you fail to meet this deadline we will send you a picture of Kayla’s dead body!" ISIS wrote. "This will be our FIRST act of revenge taken for the MISERABLY FAILED and unsuccessful attempt by your arrogant government to free their prisoners!"
Carl and Marsha Mueller were baffled.
"It was Kayla’s birthday, that was the deadline for them to kill her," Carl Mueller said. "So we immediately call our 'arrogant government' and say, 'What are they talking about?' And the response was, 'I don't know.' They had conducted a raid, a military operation. ISIS told us they were going to kill our daughter because they did that and their response was, 'No, we don't know anything about a raid.'"
The Delta Force raid was not publicly disclosed by the White House until six weeks later, after James Foley was beheaded in a shocking video by ISIS executioner Jihadi John.
Between July 12 and Sept. 19, 2014, the FBI composed and sent a dozen emails to the hostage-takers. In what would be the final email from ISIS to the Muellers while Kayla was still alive, and before she was taken by "caliph" Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi to be raped, they added a third demand.
"That is the immediate halt of ALL military activities by your government within and around the lands of the Islamic State," the email said, in the group's first reference they had made to the ISIS caliphate. "Kayla will not be released until these conditions are met."
Three days later, on Sept. 22, the U.S. commenced Operation Inherent Resolve in Syria, with more than 15,000 airstrikes since then.
Kayla Mueller was moved in August or September to the Shaddadi, Syria, house of a senior ISIS leader, Abu Sayyaf, and kept there for Baghdadi. ISIS tweeted on Feb. 6, 2015, that she had been killed in a Jordanian airstrike, which U.S. officials have denied. A building ISIS showed in a photo had been bombed much earlier as a barracks for fighters and arms depot, a counterrterrorism official has told ABC News. The White House confirmed Mueller's death a few days later without stating a suspected cause.
Retired FBI agent Voss said the final evidence that Kayla probably could have been ransomed was an email sent in February 2015, after her reported death, to Marsha Mueller containing three photos of Kayla's face after she was killed, dusty and sprinkled with tiny pieces of rubble, and one photo after her face was cleaned for burial, per Muslim custom. An accompanying note was respectful in tone.
"They respected her parents enough to send those photos. And they wouldn't have done that if her parents hadn't struck a chord with them. And if you can strike a chord, then you can create communication that's productive," Voss said.
iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- A month ahead of schedule, the Obama administration has announced that it has met a goal set a year ago to welcome 10,000 Syrian refugees.
"The 10,000th Syrian refugee will arrive this afternoon (Monday)," National Security Advisor Susan Rice announced in a statement.
"On behalf of the President and his Administration, I extend the warmest of welcomes to each and every one of our Syrian arrivals, as well as the many other refugees resettled this year from all over the world," Rice wrote in the statement.
The U.S. government’s goal was to welcome 10,000 refugees within this fiscal year, which ends September 30th.
In total, nearly five million people have fled Syria since 2011, according to the U.N., the vast majority of which are living now in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon.
A policy director at Church World Service, who has worked closely with the U.S. government and nonprofits to resettle Syrian refugees, described the 10,000-benchmark as sort of bitter-sweet. "It was sort of a meager goal to begin with," Jen Smyers told ABC News.
"This demonstrates that where there’s a will, there’s a way," Smyers continued. "But if we had been processing Syrian refugee applications for the last four years then many more people could be rebuilding their lives in safety, rather than risking their lives to take the very dangerous trip across the Atlantic."
"We would like to see the U.S. demonstrate more leadership on this," Smyers added, referencing the fact that the U.S. took in hundreds of thousand of Vietnamese refugees during and after their civil war.
Secretary of State John Kerry has said the U.S. plans to take in 85,000 refugees from around the world this year in total. "We recognize that more needs to be done to help those who are besieged inside Syria; more has to be done to assist refugees; more has to be done to support Syria’s neighbors, Lebanon, Jordan, and Turkey; and more has to be done to resolve this brutal conflict that has cost far too many lives and forced far too many people from their homes."
During a briefing Monday, State Department spokesperson John Kirby said he believed the U.S. would likely take in additional refugees from Syria this year.
ABC News(MIAMI) -- A tropical depression has taken aim at Florida and is expected to become a tropical storm by Monday night, bringing heavy rain to the Sunshine State over the next few days.
Tropical Depression 9 has brought torrential rains over West Cuba, according to the National Hurricane Center. The tropical depression is currently about 170 miles west-southwest of Key West, Florida, and 125 miles west-northwest of Havana, Cuba. Its maximum sustained winds are 35 miles per hour.
The depression is currently moving west at around 7 miles per hour, although it is forecast to turn in a west-northwest direction today and then head north on Tuesday night.
The depression is forecast to strengthen over the next 48 hours and is likely to become a tropical storm by tonight, according to the National Hurricane Center.
Tropical Depression 9's max sustained winds~ 35 mph. Likely becomes tropical storm tonight, affecting FL by Thurs: pic.twitter.com/kLhzVZu4aA
The depression is also expected to bring rain to the Southern Florida peninsula and the Florida Keys over the next few days. The rainfall may cause localized flooding, according to the National Hurricane Center.
Meanwhile, a tropical storm watch is in effect for the coast of North Carolina from Cape Lookout to Oregon Inlet, according to the National Hurricane Center, as Tropical Depression 8 moves to the northwest. Tropical Depression 8 is bringing with it heavy rain over far Eastern North Carolina, including the Outer Banks. It has sustained winds of 35 miles per hour and is forecast to strengthen slightly
Bildagentur-online/UIG via Getty Images(AUSTIN, Texas) — “Lucy," the famous upright-walking human ancestor who is estimated to be more than 3 million years old, may have died after from falling from a tree, according to a study published Monday in the journal Nature by researchers from the University of Texas at Austin.
What caused Lucy's death has been the source of much debate in the scientific community since the discovery of her partial skeleton in 1974.
At 3.18-million-years-old, Lucy's skeleton is one of the oldest and most complete fossils of an erect-walking hominim ever discovered, according to a statement from UT Austin announcing the research. Lucy's remains have also caused a major debate over whether her species (Australopithecus afarensis) was arboreal, or spent time in trees, according to the UT Austin researchers.
An autopsy performed on her remains suggests that she did spend some time in trees, according to John Kappelman, a UT Austin professor and the lead author of the study, who calls the cause of death "ironic."
“It is ironic that the fossil at the center of a debate about the role of arborealism in human evolution likely died from injuries suffered from a fall out of a tree,” Kappelman, the professor of anthropology and geological sciences at UT Austin, said in a statement.
Kappelman studied thousands of high-resolution CT scans of Lucy's remains and noticed unusual fractures in her bones, which led him to theorize that Lucy may have fallen to her death. He believes that Lucy most likely sought refuge in trees during the night, according to a statement from UT Austin.
“When the extent of Lucy’s multiple injuries first came into focus, her image popped into my mind’s eye, and I felt a jump of empathy across time and space,” Kappelman said. “Lucy was no longer simply a box of bones but in death became a real individual: a small, broken body lying helpless at the bottom of a tree.”
Hemera/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A lightning storm killed more than 300 reindeer in Norway over the weekend, according to the Norwegian Environment Agency, which released photos of reindeer carcasses lining the Hardangervidda mountain plateau.
The Norwegian Nature Inspectorate (also known by its Norwegian acronym SNO) said that 323 animals died, of which 70 were calves. Of the 323 dead, five reindeer had to be euthanized by the SNO.
The SNO and representatives from the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research visited the area on Sunday and extracted samples from the animals, the SNO said in a statement.
Hardangervidda is home to about 10,000 to 11,000 reindeer, the largest population of wild reindeer in Norway, according to the Norwegian Wild Reindeer Centre.
iStock/Thinkstock(SABRATHA, Libya) — Thousands of refugees trying to reach Europe were rescued off the coast of Libya on Monday morning after their overcrowded wooden boats sent people falling into the Mediterranean Sea.
The refugees, many of them from Eritrea, jumped into the water from more than 20 boats roughly 13 miles north of Sabratha, a coastal city in Libya. They were helped by the Italian Coast Guard and workers for a non-governmental organization.
Images show people struggling to swim in the water and groups clustered together in the rescue vessels.
Large numbers of small children who apparently braved the perilous journey along with their families can be seen seated on the laps of adults.
In one image, clusters of personal belongings are shown scattered around the deck of an abandoned ship.
Imagery of refugees crossing the Mediterranean Sea has become iconic in recent years, as hundreds of thousands seek safety or employment by journeying to Europe from the shores of Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, and Turkey.
The UN reports that 271,218 of people arrived by sea this year, and that 3,167 who attempted such a trip are either missing or dead.
Although much attention has focused on refugees from war-torn Syria, many refugees are also from Eritrea.
Hundreds of thousands have fled Eritrea, located on the horn of Africa and bordering Sudan, due to the country's violent, repressive government and limited opportunity for many citizens, according to rights organizations.
"Eritrea’s dismal human rights situation, exacerbated by indefinite military conscription, has led thousands of Eritreans to flee every month," according to Human Rights Watch.
The group cites forced labor, arbitrary arrests, detentions, torture, restrictions on freedoms of expression and movement, and repression of religious freedom as being among the incentives Eritreans have to flee their country.
Mike Trew/ABC News(LONDON) — In this age of the cell phone, Britain’s iconic red phone booths are quickly disappearing from the streets. Originally designed by Giles Gilbert Scott in the 1920s, the red booths were a 20th-century necessity of life.
Now, sadly, like the dinosaur, extinction threatens. They are being removed to junk yards to decay or sold to collectors as a little bit of British fun.
But some imaginative people are saving these noble edifices, their beloved "telephone boxes," on their original sites, throwing away the phones and repurposing the space inside for the 21st century. Phone booths have been transformed into lending libraries, tourist information points, Wi-Fi hubs, defibrillator stations, places to charge electric cars, coffee shops and more.
In the leafy North London suburb of Hampstead, a few of telephone booths still survive, but one is very special. Since February, this one booth has morphed into Kape Barako, a coffee shop owned by Pakistani-born Umar Khalid and his wife Alona. They see it as a unique business opportunity.
When they opened, they served coffee, tea, hot chocolate, pastries and pies. With summer, the oven was replaced by a fridge for cold drinks along with sandwiches and milkshakes. The coffee is good and cheaper than a lot of nearby coffee shops. They are building up a loyal clientele, particularly the local dog walkers, who can enjoy their coffees without having to tether their dogs in the street.
For Umar and Alona it's full steam ahead for what Umar says must be the smallest coffee shop.
The head of Colombia's FARC leftist guerrilla, Timoleon Jimenez, aka 'Timochenko,' speaks during a press conference with other members of his delegation in Havana on August 28, 2016. Colombia's FARC rebel force ordered a definitive ceasefire late Sunday as part of an accord to end 52 years of conflict with the government. YAMIL LAGE/AFP/Getty Images(BOGOTA, Colombia) -- A ceasefire between the Colombian government and the main rebel group, the FARC, was announced Sunday evening.
The ceasefire brings an end to the 52-year-old war, one of the world's largest insurgencies, following four years of peace negotiations in Cuba. An official agreement is expected to be signed in the coming weeks, the BBC reports.
FARC's leader Rodrigo Londono ordered all of his group's combatants to "cease fire and hostilities against the Colombian state from midnight tonight" on Sunday evening. Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos signed a decree earlier in the day that halted military action against FARC.
On Friday, Santos tweeted that the end of the conflict had arrived.
According to the BBC, the more than 50 years of conflict left more than 260,000 people dead and millions displaced internally.
The FARC is expected to abandon its armed resistance and join the legal political process, the BBC says. In March, the Colombian government announced the beginning of negotiations with the second largest rebel group, the ELN, but that group has yet to reach the government's requirement to release all hostages and stop all kidnapping.
iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Hurricane Gaston has reformed in the Atlantic Ocean and although it's not expected to reach land, experts say it could grow stronger in the next few days.
"We're not forecasting it to become a major hurricane, but it could near major hurricane status during the next 48 hours," forecaster Todd Kimberlain of the National Hurricane Center (NHC) told ABC News.
The category 1 storm's highest sustained winds are 85 miles per hour while moving slowly northwest at 8 miles per hour, according to NHC.
Separately, another storm system is headed to Florida and could be this season's next named storm. The low pressure wave, with some tropical storm force winds, is moving west after lingering over the Caribbean for a few days, the NHC said.
"The computer models are saying some kind of low pressure area is likely to form in the eastern Gulf of Mexico earlier this week and it is possible that it could become a tropical cyclone at that point," Kimberlain said to ABC News.
izustun/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- By Monday, more than 10,000 Syrian refugees will have been accepted into the United States in the 2016 fiscal year, the U.S. Ambassador to Jordan announced Sunday.
The Syrian refugee resettlement program aimed to accept 10,000 refugees for the entire 2016 fiscal year. The American program looks to take in the most vulnerable refugees from Syria.
Ambassador Alice Wells said Sunday that the refugees who are accepted are the most thoroughly screened of all travelers to the United States.
Jordan, which neighbors Syria, has taken in approximately 660,000 refugees.
The latest group of refugees accepted into the U.S. are expected to go to California and Virginia.
Stocktrek Images/Thinkstock(MAUNA LOA, Hawaii) -- A year-long mission to simulate life on Mars has ended, with six crew members exiting their geodesic dome in Hawaii.
The six-member crew lived in isolation in the dome, which was set at about 8,200 feet above sea level as part of the Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation project known as HI-SEAS.
The simulation, which lasted 365 days, was focused on crewmember cohesion and performance over such a long time period in a Mars-like environment.
"The [University of Hawaii] research going on up here is just super vital when it comes to picking crews, figuring out how people are going to actually work on different kinds of missions, and sort of the human factors of space travel, colonization, whatever it is you are actually looking at," said Tristan Bassingthwaighte, a doctor of Architecture candidate at the school. Bassingthwaighte was the simulation crew's architect.
UH professor Kim Binsted, the principal investigator of the HI-SEAS project, said that everyone involved is "proud to be helping NASA reduce or remove the barriers to long-duration space exploration."
NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/Getty Images(TALLINN, Estona) -- With less than 75 days until the United States presidential election, one world leader has weighed in on the prospect of a Donald Trump administration.
“I would certainly hope that he would be well-briefed on foreign affairs, so that he knows who does what,” Toomas Hendrik Ilves, the president of Estonia, said in an exclusive interview with ABC News’ Martha Raddatz.
Trump has repeatedly questioned the U.S. commitment to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, refusing to guarantee military support to Baltic states if invaded by Russia.
“We have many NATO members that aren’t paying their bills,” Trump told The New York Times in July.
Ilves noted that his country, one of the most vulnerable to Russian aggression, is also one of the few NATO allies that meets the target spending of two percent of gross domestic product on defense. Following a meeting of Baltic leaders with U.S. Vice President Joe Biden in Latvia where Biden reiterated America’s commitment to the security of Europe, Ilves said he’s not worried about “that rhetoric flying around.”
Ilves, who was raised in New Jersey and educated at Columbia University and the University of Pennsylvania, said the biggest problem for Estonia is people who don’t know anything about Europe. But regarding Trump’s knowledge of foreign affairs, the Estonian president, noted for calling out a Trump supporter for improper spelling on Twitter last month, said, “I’m told it’s improving.”
“That’s very diplomatic of you,” Raddatz responded .
As for Russian President Vladimir Putin, whom Trump has called for improved relations with, Ilves didn’t mince his words -- he sees no rhyme or reason to Putin’s aggression.
“I don't see a strategy given, especially, the severe economic problems they are facing,” Ilves said. “It’s more of an ad hoc 'let's try this let's try that.'”
He added he thinks Putin acts not out of craziness but to keep others off balance, with his biggest concern being not conscious Russian maneuvering, but “some stupid accident.”
Ashley Bartyik (SURREY, British Columbia) -- An elderly couple from the town of Surrey in British Columbia, Canada, was recently photographed crying after apparently being moved to separate nursing homes a few months ago.
The emotional photo was taken Monday during a visit between the couple. Ashley Bartyik, the couple's granddaughter, told ABC News this week she's worried that their "heartbreak and the stress could literally kill them."
"This is the saddest photo I have ever taken," Bartyik, 29, wrote in the photo's caption. It has been shared nearly 3,000 times on Facebook.
She explained that after 62 years of marriage, her grandparents have been separated for eight months "due to backlogs and delays by our heath care system."
Bartyik said her grandpa, 83-year-old Wolfram Gottschalk, was first put in an assisted living home in January after he suffered health complications from dementia that made it impossible for her family to take care of him at home.
Four months later, her grandmother -- 81-year-old Anita Gottschalk -- also had to enter assisted living, but she was put in a different home than Wolfram, Bartyik said.
Since then, Wolfram has been put on a waiting list to be able to move in with Anita, she added.
For now, Bartyik and her parents try to drive Anita to Wolfram's center at least every two days, so they can see each other, "even if for only a little bit."
She said the photo of her grandparents’ crying was taken during a recent visit.
"They're heartbroken, they cry every time they see each other," Bartyik said. "In addition to the dementia, we recently learned my grandfather also has cancer now. My grandma needs to be able to spend these last few days with him, not worried about when the next time she'll see him is."
A spokeswoman for Fraser Health Authority, which manages the assisted living residences in the area, said it has been working to get the couple together but space is unavailable.
"We certainly understand how heartbreaking this is for the family," spokeswoman Tasleem Juma told ABC News partner CTV News. "It’s upsetting for us as well."
Juma added that Fraser Health would "continue to work to reunite this couple and hope to do so in the next few weeks."
Meanwhile, Bartyik said she and her family will continue trying to get her grandparents back together.
"They've been together since they got married in 1954," she said. "They're completely infatuated with each other and have been together in sickness and health. They deserve to stay together."